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10 Most Significant Medical Discoveries In First Decade Of 21st Century

10 Most Significant Medical Discoveries In First Decade Of 21st Century

The first decade of 21st century has witnessed quite a large number of important developments in the medical field. Many have these discoveries resulted in a total change in point of view of a medical care, either in a way of displacing long-prevailing belief of a disease process or thinking of the possibilities which were not even imagined few years back.

According to report published by ABC News and MedPage, the 10 most significant medical discoveries in first decade of 21st century are:

  • Discovery of Human Genome.
  • Use of information technology.
  • Laws as well as campaign against smoking.
  • Development in heart disease understanding and treatment.
  • Clinical advancement in stem cell research.
  • New drugs for targeted cancer therapy.
  • Combination drug therapy for HIV.
  • Use of minimally invasive surgery as well as robotic surgery.
  • Understanding of increased risk of heart attack, stroke and cancer with hormone replacement therapy.
  • Functional MRI.

The first of the 10 most significant medical discoveries in first decade of 21st century is identified as discovery of human genome. With The International Human Genome Project revealing the draft of human genome, though in rough version, enabled the world to get information of human genome.

The second on the list is the role of information technology in the development and advancement of medical milestone. The use of information technology has made the clinical practitioners to get the necessary information on the patients as well as the disease process much more quickly than the conventional way, saving time both for the patient as well as the doctors looking for the necessary information.

The smoking ban and campaign against smoking takes the third on the list of 10 most significant medical discoveries in first decade of 21st century. The smoking ban in public places in 27 states as well as in District of Columbia, has curtailed secondhand smoke exposure resulting in decrease of cardiac illness.

The new methods of treating heart diseases ranked fourth on this list. When very few information as well as treatment for heart disease were known previously, the advancement of understanding of heart disease and its treatment, has shown a new horizon in medical field.

The stem cell research, ranking fifth in the list, has been described as spectacular advance in the last decade. At the same time, the advancement in stem cell research in the near future is expected to provide a new definition of treatment.

The sixth on the list is the targeted therapy for cancer treatments. Particularly the drug, Herceptin, which is used as the targeted drug in the HER-2 expressed breast caner, has opened a new horizon of breast cancer treatment. The other drug, Gleevec, which also is used as a targeted therapy for bcr-able gene mutation has been known as a breakthrough drug for a various type of cancer, CML and GIST. Similarly combination drug therapy has also been proved to be useful in many patients with HIV and ranked seventh on the list.

Minimally invasive robotic surgery has provided the patients with the benefit of having less pain and shorter recovery time and ranks eighth. The accuracy particularly in the case of cancer has increased with this surgery. The new idea about the hormone therapy and the increased risk associated with the heart attack, stroke and cancer ranked ninth of the list of 10 most significant medical discoveries in first decade of 21st century. This has nullified the previous opinion of hormone replacement therapy having been good for bone, skin, brain. The advancement of functional MRI has taken the rank of tenth in the list owing to its fruitfulness of detecting the abnormality with a high degree of accuracy.

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